The business cycle, also referred to as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross home product (GDP) round its long-time period progress trend. One of the first studies on this area was Srinivasan et al. ( 2005 ), who present empirically that a recession presents a unique opportunity for corporations to strengthen their market place by going towards the tide with a proactive advertising and marketing technique.” Based mostly on management survey knowledge, they show that corporations with a strategic emphasis on advertising in the course of the recession achieve superior enterprise efficiency.
Our paper relates to a series of papers that embeds a quantitative asset pricing model right into a heterogeneous agency mannequin with a dynamic capital construction choice to check how credit spreads and the fairness premium are decided (e.g., Bhamra, Kuehn, and Strebulaev (2010) ; Belo, Lin, and Yang (2014) ; Gomes and Schmid (2010) ; Gomes and Schmid (2012) ). In these papers, firm dimension is oftentimes fixed after entry and therefore not used as a dimension of heterogeneity like in this paper.
To get a way for the economic magnitude of the effect of mixture fluctuations on agency financing, we run unusual least squares (OLS) regressions of the exterior-financing variables (aggregated to their size portfolio level and HP-filtered) on the business-cycle component of corporate gross home product (GDP).
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Within the early postwar era, nevertheless, policymakers tended to hold expansionary coverage too far, and in the process brought about inflation to rise. Together, these two points drive the model mechanism over the business cycle: small corporations’ funding needs are more responsive to the enterprise cycle compared to massive corporations.